Understanding Coffee

Courtesy of GoCoffeeGo

Courtesy of GoCoffeeGo

Courtesy of GoCoffeeGo

Sam H. '18, Reporter

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The drink listed below are specific to cafés in America because in different countries each of these drinks mean something different. Each country has different standards for their coffee and specialty drinks because the origins of certain coffees differ from region to region.

1.) Espresso– a shot of espresso is made by blasting hot water through compact and finely ground beans. The drink is smaller than a normal cup of coffee, but it is more concentrated than a regular cup of coffee.

2.) Espresso Doppio– This drink is two shots of espresso poured into one glass.

3.) Espresso Longo– This is when the water is pressed through the beans for longer than 30 seconds which actually gives the espresso more caffeine, but the drink itself is much more bitter.

4.) Espresso Ristretto– this is a much more concentrated version of coffee because the water is blasted through the coffee beans for a very short amount of time, usually less than 15 seconds.

5.) Americano– Hot water is added to a shot or two of espresso, so that it will fill a regular sized coffee cup. Americanos are said to have originated in WWII when American GI’s, or General Issue, were abroad and wanted coffee reminding them of home.

6.) Long Black– This is similar to the Americano, except that the espresso is added after the hot water is already poured into the cup.

7.) Latte– This is made from steamed milk, espresso, and frothed milk. The frothed milk is also known as microfoam. This is milk foamed using a steam wand on an espresso machine.

8.) Mocha Latte– This is a latte with chocolate added to it for flavoring.

9.) Caffé Breve– This is espresso with steamed half-and-half and frothed half-and-half.

10.) Latte Macchiato– This literally means “milk stained.” The coffee cup is filled up with steamed and frothed milk and then ‘stained’ with a shot of espresso.

11.) Caffé Macchiato– This means “coffee stained.” This cup is espresso with frothed milk on top.

12.) Cappuccino– This coffee got its name from the color of the Capuchin Monk’s robes. This is different than a Latte because a cappuccino is 1/3 espresso, 1/3 steamed milk, and 1/3 frothed milk.

13.) Wet Cappuccino– This drink is a Cappuccino with more milk.

14.) Dry Cappuccino– This drink is a Cappuccino with less milk.

Courtesy of The Oatmeal

Courtesy of The Oatmeal

15.) Café Au Lait– This means “coffee with milk.” Essentially it is a Latte made with coffee instead of espresso shots. It still contains steamed and frothed milk.

16.) Café Bombon– This is milk poured over a shot of espresso.

17.) Espresso Con Panna– This is a shot or two of espresso with whipped cream on top.

18.) Cortado– This is an espresso shot with an equal serving of warm milk on top.

19.) Red Eye– This is a cup of coffee with a shot of espresso in it.

20.) Lazy Eye– This is a cup of decaf coffee with a shot of espresso added to it.

21.) Black Eye– This is two shots of espresso added to a cup of coffee.

22.) Dead Eye– This is a cup of coffee with three shots of espresso added.

23.) Steamer– This is a cup of coffee without the coffee part. It is a cup of steamed milk. It can be referred to as a “Babyccino.”

24.) Affogato– This is a scoop of ice scream with a shot of espresso poured on top.

25.) Frappe- This is ice, sugar, and two shots of espresso mixed together. It is very popular in the summer time.

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